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EF-3+ Tornado Damage in Ottertail County - Sweet Relief From Humidity - Billion Dollar Disasters On The Rise

Billion Dollar Weather Disasters Increasing

According to NOAA, America has already experienced 10 billion dollar weather disasters. 2020 is the 6th consecutive year America has experienced 10 or more weather and climate disasters. Since 1980, the years with 10 more more separate billion dollar disasters include 1998, 2008, 2011-12, and 2015-2020.

Call me crazy, but I detect a trend.

The Kansas-size tornadoes that hit Ottertail and Grant counties were extraordinary, a reminder that twisters can spin up during a Severe Storm Watch. Preliminary data show a 1-minute lead time for the biggest EF-3+ tornado that hit near Dalton. The average national lead-time is closer to 13 minutes.

Cue sunshine and a drop in humidity today. A puddle of cold air aloft ignites a few thundershowers Saturday - right now Sunday looks like the drier day of the weekend.

Much of America will be treated to a blastfurnace in coming weeks, but the epicenter of heat stays just south of Minnesota. "Cool 80s" much of next week give way to another run of 90s later in July.


Map above courtesy of NOAA NCEI: "2019 is the sixth consecutive year (2015-2020) in which 10 or more billion-dollar weather and climate disaster events have impacted the United States. Over the last 41 years (1980-2020), the years with 10 or more separate billion-dollar disaster events include 1998, 2008, 2011-2012, and 2015-2020."


Survivors of Deadly Tornado Describe Power of Twister. INFORUM has a harrowing story - and that sure looks like EF-4 damage to me: "...The twister obliterated the shop and left large trucks and tractors strewn about like broken toys. Erickson doesn't remember consciously diving for the undercarriage of the tractor, but he figured afterward that he must have reacted instinctively, as the tractor was a type he worked on during his training to become a mechanic. After blasting through the Hansen property, the tornado went on to punish nearby homesteads, including one owned by Gareth and Linda Klimek. Aware of tornado warnings, the couple took shelter in their basement shortly before the twister hit, according to their son, Loren, who on Thursday morning was looking over wreckage left behind by the tornado..."

Photo credit: "Loren Klimek points out were his parents, Gareth and Linda, took shelter as the tornado destroyed the family home near Dalton, Minn."  David Samson / The Forum


At Least One Dead After Ottertail County Tornado. Here's an excerpt from Grand Forks Herald: "...Roads were closed to the public throughout the area as homes and buildings were destroyed and trees were down, Schmidt said. "There's insulation and tin all over the place," he added. Nick Carletta, a meteorologist with the National Weather Service in Grand Forks, said the tornado that was possibly as wide as 500 yards at some points was one of the worst in the area in several years. He said it could be on top of the scale for tornadoes, which would be an EF5. "From preliminary evidence, it could be from an EF3 to an EF5," Carletta said. A NWS meteorologist was on the scene examining the damage..."




"I Literally Thought I Was Going to Die". Man Recalls Terrifying Moment Tornado Hit Repair Shop, Killing Friend. WCCO-TV has the story.


Review of Damaging Tornado of July 8, 2020. Southern Ottertail County was hit very hard. Here's an excerpt from the Grand Forks office of the National Weather Service: "A destructive tornado, resulting in one fatality and two injuries, occurred Wednesday evening over southern Otter Tail County, Minnesota. The NWS extends our condolences for this loss of life, and our hearts go out to the victim's families and friends during this difficult time. A formal NWS survey team continues to assess the damage and ground truth information regarding tracks and strength of multiple possible tornadoes from Wednesday evening across far northern Grant County into south central Otter Tail County, southeast of Dalton, Minnesota. Initial assessments indicate that the strongest tornado was potentially greater than EF-3. A final rating, track, and additional information regarding other possible tornadoes is pending..."

Photo credit: National Weather Service.


He Was My Best Friend: Workshop Employee Killed in Tornado Near Dalton, Building Destroyed. FOX9 has more details and perspective on a tragic story.




Quiet Friday - Thunderstorm Risk Returns Saturday. Of course it does! At least we salvage a perfect Friday, and a pretty nice Sunday too. Future Radar (NOAA's NAM model) courtesy of Praedictix and AerisWeather.




More Comfortable. I never thought 80s would qualify as "comfortable", but compared to some of the recent hot days (9 days at or above 90F at MSP so far this summer season) temperatures into next week look almost reasonable.



Growing Risk of 90s Returning Late July. ECMWF (top) and GFS (bottom) show pleasant 80s into most of next week, but flashes of the heat wave baking much of the USA will surge northward again the last 10 days of July. MSP Meteograms: WeatherBell.


Hot, But Not Debilitating. GFS long-range guidance continues to show the hottest air just south of Minnesota roughly 2 weeks out, but we may still see our fair share of 90s the last week of July.



Praedictix Briefing: Issued Thursday afternoon, July 9th, 2020:

  • Tropical Storm Fay has formed late this afternoon off the North Carolina coast with winds of 45 mph.
  • This system will continue to move north to north-northeast over the next couple of days, just off or along portions of the Mid-Atlantic and Northeast coast before moving inland over the northeastern U.S. Friday Night into Saturday.
  • Tropical Storm Warnings are now in place from Cape May, NJ, to Watch Hill, RI, including Long Island and Long Island Sound.
  • Fay will bring the potential of strong winds across the Tropical Storm Warning area as we head into Friday and Friday Night. Heavy rain of 2-5” across the region could also lead to flash flooding in some locations.

Tropical Storm Fay Has Formed. An Air Force Reserve Reconnaissance aircraft flying through the area of low pressure off the North Carolina coast has found that Tropical Storm Fay has formed, with the center located about 40 miles east-northeast of Cape Hatteras, NC, or 195 miles south of Ocean City, MD. As of the 5 PM ET update from the National Hurricane Center, Fay had winds of 45 mph and was moving north at 7 mph.


Expected Track. Fay is expected to continue to track north to north-northeast over the next couple of days, picking up forward speed while doing so, with some slight strengthening tonight into Friday. On this track, it would bring the center of Fay awfully close to the southeast New Jersey coast by Friday afternoon and inland over the northeastern U.S. Friday Night into Saturday.



Tropical Storm Warnings. With Tropical Storm Fay forming, Tropical Storm Warnings are now in place from Cape May, NJ, to Watch Hill, RI, including Long Island and Long Island Sound. This means tropical storm conditions are expected within the next 36 hours.


Tropical Storm Force Wind Arrival Time. Tropical storm force winds could begin across portions of New Jersey as we head through the overnight hours tonight into Friday morning, and across the New York City metro by the early afternoon hours Friday. Tropical storm force winds could then reach as far north as Boston by Friday evening.


Heavy Rain Expected. Fay will also bring a heavy rain threat to portions of the Mid-Atlantic and Northeast into the weekend, with the potential of 2-5” possible for some areas. This could lead to flash flooding.


Flood Watches. Due to the heavy rain expected, Flood Watches have been issued for areas like Philadelphia, New York City, and Boston.

D.J. Kayser, Meteorologist, Praedictix


The Great Heat Wave of July, 1936. Not even close, but the 1930s didn't have the exceptionally high humidity levels we have now. It was blazing hot in the 30s, but the heat was regional (focused on the Great Plains) and not global in nature. Here's an excerpt from a great post at The Minnesota DNR: "...In the Twin Cities, the high temperature was 90 degrees F or higher for 14 straight days, including 8 days with high temperatures at or above 100 degrees F. That's more 100-degree days than the Twin Cities recorded for all of the 1990s, 2000s, and 2010s combined! The heat wave included five straight days with high temperatures at or above 105 in the Twin Cities, with an all-time record high of 108 F on the 14th, and seven straight days with low temperatures failing to fall below 80 degrees, with a low of just 86 F on July 13th. These measures of excessive heat are unmatched in records going back to late 1872..."




New Analysis: Carbon Capture and Storage Infrastructure for Midcentury Decarbonization. A post at Great Plains Institute caught my eye: "...Analysis by the International Energy Agency has determined that deployment of carbon capture technology is critical to achieve midcentury US and global carbon reduction goals and temperature targets. Nearly every global temperature scenario put forth by international organizations and agreements requires dramatically accelerated use of carbon capture to meet its goals. The United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change found that carbon mitigation under the 2 degree C scenario would cost 138 percent more if carbon capture was not included as an emissions reduction strategy..."

Winds of Change? Company Looks at Weather's Effect on Ball. This goes way beyond spin rates. Star Tribune reports: "...One of the biggest keys to Weather Applied Metrics' modeling is computational fluid dynamics, which uses software to help analyze the flow of gas or liquids, or how flowing gas or liquids affects objects. Think of computational fluid dynamics as "having a wind tunnel on a computer," said Jani Macari Pallis, an associate professor of mechanical engineering at the University of Bridgeport in Connecticut. Wind tunnels are "somewhat time consuming and you have to build lots of models," Pallis said. "So now what we can do with computational fluids is we can make these models on a computer..."
 
Photo credit: Paul Douglas.


.33" rain fell at MSP International Airport yesterday.

82 F. high yesterday in the Twin Cities.

84 F. average high on July 9.

80 F. high on July 9, 2019.

July 10, 2002: Intense rainfall causes extensive street flooding in St. Cloud. 2.70 inches of rain falls in 1 hour and 45 minutes at St. Cloud State University. People were stranded in their cars and had to be rescued by the fire department.


FRIDAY: Sunny and pleasant. Winds: NW 7-12. High: 86

SATURDAY: Patchy clouds, few T-showers. Winds: W 5-10. Wake-up: 70. High: 82

SUNDAY: Sunny start, clouds build PM hours. Winds: N 7-12. Wake-up: 64. High: 85

MONDAY: Plenty of sun, late T-storms. Winds: S 8-13. Wake-up: 66. High: 86

TUESDAY: Early storms, then partial clearing. Winds: NW 8-13. Wake-up: 68. High: 84

WEDNESDAY: Unsettled, few T-showers. Winds: E 5-10. Wake-up: 64. High: 81

THURSDAY: Plenty of lukewarm sunshine. Winds: SE 7-12. Wake-up: 63. High: 84


Climate Stories...

How America's Hottest City Will Survive Climate Change. Here's the intro to a Washington Post story: "Phoenix’s fight against heat is a war with many fronts, said David Hondula, a sustainability scientist at Arizona State University and a leading researcher studying the intersection of heat and health. One is high up in the atmosphere, where accumulating greenhouse gases from human activities are causing global average temperatures to steadily rise. The average annual temperature in Maricopa County is 3.4 degrees higher than it was in 1895, according to a Washington Post analysis of records going back more than 100 years. That translates into summers that are hotter, longer and drier. Drastically reducing heat-trapping emissions on a planet-wide scale is essential to averting catastrophic heat waves and other dangers from global warming, scientists say..."


Renewable Natural Gas Isn't a Green Climate Change Solution. EcoWatch explains why; here's an excerpt: "...If RNG could be a renewable replacement for fossil natural gas, why not move ahead? Consumers have shown that they are willing to buy renewable electricity, so we might expect similar enthusiasm for RNG. The key issue is that methane isn't just a fuel – it's also a potent greenhouse gas that contributes to climate change. Any methane that is manufactured intentionally, whether from biogenic or other sources, will contribute to climate change if it enters the atmosphere. And releases will happen, from newly built production systems and existing, leaky transportation and user infrastructure. For example, the moment you smell gas before the pilot light on a stove lights the ring? That's methane leakage, and it contributes to climate change..."


Global Warming. Inequality. Covid-19. And Al Gore Is...Optimistic? WIRED.com (paywall) explains: "...It turns out that the trend lines Gore has spent a lifetime either warning people about (carbon!) or trying to goose upward (green energy! Access to health care!) are finally headed in the directions he was hoping for. The Covid-19 pandemic, he says, has accelerated the kinds of systemic changes he pushed for, first with legislation and then with investments. And while Gore declined to offer specific advice for how leaders in the public sector should be handling the pandemic, he seems supremely confident that pressure from the private sector will steer governments in the right direction. He also believes the world will be “pleasantly surprised” by sooner-than-expected, safe vaccines, and that the public will somehow overcome the misinformation atrocities on that thing called the internet..."


Heat and Humidity Trends. A post at Climate Central caught my eye; here's an excerpt: "...In most states and regions, these humid heat extremes have already doubled in frequency—when comparing 2000-2019 to the previous two decades. In other words, conditions on the muggiest 18 days of the year (on average in 1980-99) may now occur on 36 days or more. All but one region has seen these frequencies double, and all but one state has risen by 50%. Parts of New England and the inland West have increased by 2.5 times. Why such a big jump? Consider the bell curve below; even small shifts in averages lead to large changes in extremes. As temperatures rise in a warming climate, humid heat extremes are persisting—a trend that will worsen unless we reduce greenhouse gas emissions..."


More U.S. Homes Are at Risk of Repeat Flooding. Scientific American reports: "The number of U.S. homes that face repeated flooding has grown significantly in the past decade despite federal and state agencies spending billions of dollars to protect at-risk properties, a new government report shows. The U.S. Government Accountability Office found that government programs that move homes out of floodplains or fortify them through elevation or flood-proofing are not keeping up with the growing number of properties that are flooded multiple times. The number of repeatedly flooded properties rose from 150,000 in 2009 to 214,000 in 2018—a 43% increase, GAO found. The growth is expected to continue as climate change makes major storms more frequent and more intense..."

Looking at the deadly tornadoes that hit west-central Minnesota

On The Northern Edge of Discomfort

There is too much news, much of it lousy. Most days I'm relieved to talk about the weather. Last summer we tried to avoid drowning (it wouldn't stop raining). This summer is being served medium rare. We may wind up with 20-30 days of 90s. Average is 13 days of 90-plus at MSP.

Minnesota will be on the northern periphery of a sprawling heat dome much of July. We will see more flashes/waves of heat, but nothing like Texas, where air temperatures may reach 115F.

Yesterday was a 2-shower, dip-me- in-deoderant, evacuate-to-the-lake kind of day, but slight relief is imminent. A few storms today give way to a welcome dip in humidity Friday into the weekend. A weak disturbance may kick up a few T-showers late Saturday. Right now Sunday appears to be the nicer day of the weekend.

Meanwhile there's a 70 percent chance of Tropical Storm Fay forming off the Carolina coast. ECMWF hooks the storm toward Washington D.C. Colorado State predicts 20 named storms in 2020; most since 2005.

What can possibly go wrong? 


Tornadoes Kill One - Leave Wide Path of Damage in West-Central Minnesota. Star Tribune reports. With extreme heat and high dew points (a tremendous amount of water in the air) and extreme instability, conditions were ripe for extreme thunderstorms yesterday. A Severe Storm Watch was issued for much of Minnesota shortly before 5 PM. By 5:45 there were Tornado Warnings posted for Ottertail County with numerous reports of tornadoes on the ground. The storms just erupted in a short period of time - intense upward motion resulting in tornadoes near Dalton and Ashby.


Tornado Touchdowns and Funnel Clouds. As of late Wednesday here are the location of spotter reports of tornadoes and funnel clouds, clustered around Elbow Lake and Ashby, Minnesota.


The Great Heat Wave of July, 1936. Not even close, but the 1930s didn't have the exceptionally high humidity levels we have now. It was blazing hot in the 30s, but the heat was regional (focused on the Great Plains) and not global in nature. Here's an excerpt from a great post at The Minnesota DNR: "...In the Twin Cities, the high temperature was 90 degrees F or higher for 14 straight days, including 8 days with high temperatures at or above 100 degrees F. That's more 100-degree days than the Twin Cities recorded for all of the 1990s, 2000s, and 2010s combined! The heat wave included five straight days with high temperatures at or above 105 in the Twin Cities, with an all-time record high of 108 F on the 14th, and seven straight days with low temperatures failing to fall below 80 degrees, with a low of just 86 F on July 13th. These measures of excessive heat are unmatched in records going back to late 1872..."








Some Weekend Relief. Today will be humid with a lingering risk of a shower or T-storm, but we should dry out statewide Friday with a noticeable drop in humidity as we push into the weekend. Mid-80s will feel pretty good. Map sequence above: Praedictix and AerisWeather.


Temperature Correction. After a run of hot days a series of (slightly) cooler fronts will push out of Canada over the next 7-10 days, taking the edge off the heat. Temperatures will still run above average through the period, but the odds of (intense) heat are fairly small until the last week of July. Credit: WeatherBell.


Heating Up Again Late July? Confidence levels are low, but there are early signs the ridge of high pressure sparking oppressive heat for much of the USA will nudge northward within 10-14 days, allowing more 90s to push into Minnesota. We'll see - but there's little chance we've seen the last of the beastly-heat.




Pockets of Moderate Drought. You may have seen downpours in recent days, but much of Minnesota is considerably drier than average, an omen of what may be to come in August if this pattern continues. Map: U.S. Drought Monitor.




 

Praedictix Briefing: Issued Wednesday, July 8th, 2020:


Possible Tropical Formation Near The East Coast. Over the past few days, a system has been moving across the Southeast and is now located along the northeastern South Carolina coast. As this system moves along or just offshore the Mid-Atlantic coast the next couple of days we could see a tropical or subtropical system form. The National Hurricane Center gives the system a 60% chance of formation in the next 48 days and a 70% chance in the next five days.



Potential Track and Intensity. As we look over the next few days, the low is expected to move off to the north-northeast, moving along the Mid-Atlantic Coast. It would be expected to be along/near the Outer Banks Thursday and approaching Long Island into the first half of the weekend. Models do keep wind strength limited, either at Tropical Depression or lower-end Tropical Storm strength.


Heavy Rain Expected. What is just about guaranteed is that this system will produce heavy rain in portions of the Mid-Atlantic and Northeast through the end of the week. There will be the potential of 2-4”+ within heavier rain bands in some areas, especially east of the track of the low. This could lead to flash flooding in some locations. We will continue to track this system over the next few days and provide updates.

D.J. Kayser, Meteorologist, Praedictix


20 Named Storms Predicted for Hurricane Season - Most Since 2005. CNN.com has details: "The research team at Colorado State University is now forecasting 20 named storms for this hurricane season. This is the earliest in a season that the group has made a prediction this high. The only other time CSU researchers predicted 20 or more storms was in their August update of the record-breaking 2005 season. Nearly all seasonal forecasts for the 2020 Atlantic hurricane season have been well above normal. Current and long-term conditions across the Atlantic continue to favor a 2020 season that is well above average. When combined with the new record set for the earliest fifth named storm, the high prediction doesn't seem so bold..."

More details from Colorado State University here. (Graphic credit above: NOAA).



"Tornado Drought" in June - Fewest U.S. Tornadoes In Nearly 70 Years. Details via Fox News: "After a destructive spring that made 2020 the deadliest year for tornadoes in nine years, an unusually quiet May continued into June, with some record low activity recorded. The National Weather Service's (NWS) Storm Prediction Center (SPC) said June 2020 had the fewest number of tornado watches in recorded history with only six recorded for the entire month. The previous record was eight in 2019. "While severe weather reports were closer to normal in June, the tornado drought continued for another record breaking month," the SPC said on Twitter..."


New Analysis: Carbon Capture and Storage Infrastructure for Midcentury Decarbonization. A post at Great Plains Institute caught my eye: "...Analysis by the International Energy Agency has determined that deployment of carbon capture technology is critical to achieve midcentury US and global carbon reduction goals and temperature targets. Nearly every global temperature scenario put forth by international organizations and agreements requires dramatically accelerated use of carbon capture to meet its goals. The United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change found that carbon mitigation under the 2 degree C scenario would cost 138 percent more if carbon capture was not included as an emissions reduction strategy..."

"Million-Mile Batteries" Are Coming. Are They a Revolution? Grist poses the question: "Electric vehicles (EVs) have a clear environmental advantage over their gas-guzzling counterparts, but when it comes to longevity, the two are in a dead heat. Two hundred thousand miles is considered a good, long run for a car built today, regardless of whether it’s powered by a lithium battery or an internal combustion engine. But if a flurry of recent reports are to be believed, EVs may soon surge ahead in this long-distance competition — not by mere thousands of miles, but by 800,000. Recently, multiple EV battery makers have announced the imminent arrival of “million-mile” batteries, power packs that supposedly have enough juice to be driven to the moon and back twice..."

61,000+ Clean Energy Jobs. Here's an excerpt of a post at Clean Energy Economy Minnesota: "In 2019, clean energy employed 61,800 Minnesotans. COVID-19 has dramatically shifted this number, with the latest numbers showing over 11,000 jobs lost in the clean energy sector. Unfortunately, these job losses have erased several years of industry gains. Despite this, the clean energy industry continues to serve our communities, care for employees, and innovate new solutions to address the crisis. Minnesota’s clean energy industry will play a vital role in our state’s economic recovery because of its size, reach and potential for growth. Restoring and increasing jobs in this industry is a proven way to boost the economy and will be critical as policymakers work to get Minnesotans on their feet again..."

Graphic credit: U.S. Department of Energy.


The Pandemic Experts Are Not Okay. A story at The Atlantic reminded me of the fatigue front-line health workers are experiencing right now: "...By now they are used to sharing their knowledge with journalists, but they’re less accustomed to talking about themselves. Many of them told me that they feel duty-bound and grateful to be helping their country at a time when so many others are ill or unemployed. But they’re also very tired, and dispirited by America’s continued inability to control a virus that many other nations have brought to heel. As the pandemic once again intensifies, so too does their frustration and fatigue. America isn’t just facing a shortfall of testing kits, masks, or health-care workers. It is also looking at a drought of expertise, as the very people whose skills are sorely needed to handle the pandemic are on the verge of burning out..."


How Scientists Know Covid-19 is Way Deadlier Than the Flu. A story at National Geographic got my attention: "...Using the handful of studies that have calculated infection-fatality rates for seasonal flu, Meyerowitz-Katz determined that somewhere between 1 and 10 people die for every 100,000 that are infected. For COVID-19, that number ranges between 500 and 1,000 deaths per 100,000 infections. By his calculations, the coronavirus is likely to be 50 to 100 times more deadly than the seasonal flu, which supports the Columbia University findings..."




93 F. high in the Twin Cities Wednesday. Peak heat index on the hour was 100F.

84 F. average high on July 8.

85 F. high on July 8, 2019.

July 9, 1932: A tornado touches down near Springfield and moves into St. James, causing 500 thousand dollars in damage.



THURSDAY: Humid but slightly cooler, few T-storms in the area. Winds: SW 8-13. High: 87

FRIDAY: Sunny and less humid. Winds: NW 8-13. Wake-up: 69. High: 86

SATURDAY: Fading sun, late PM T-storm risk. Winds: SE 8-13. Wake-up: 66. High: 84

SUNDAY: Sunny spells, probably dry. Winds: SE 3-8. Wake-up: 65. High: 82

MONDAY: Warm sunshine, few storms at night. Winds: S 10-15. Wake-up: 66. High: 87

TUESDAY: Showers and T-storms in the area. Winds: S 10-20. Wake-up: 69. High: 86

WEDNESDAY: Sunny and pleasant. Winds: W 8-13. Wake-up: 67. High: 85

Photo credit above: Paul Douglas.


Climate Stories...

Heat and Humidity Trends. A post at Climate Central caught my eye; here's an excerpt: "...In most states and regions, these humid heat extremes have already doubled in frequency—when comparing 2000-2019 to the previous two decades. In other words, conditions on the muggiest 18 days of the year (on average in 1980-99) may now occur on 36 days or more. All but one region has seen these frequencies double, and all but one state has risen by 50%. Parts of New England and the inland West have increased by 2.5 times. Why such a big jump? Consider the bell curve below; even small shifts in averages lead to large changes in extremes. As temperatures rise in a warming climate, humid heat extremes are persisting—a trend that will worsen unless we reduce greenhouse gas emissions..."


More U.S. Homes Are at Risk of Repeat Flooding. Scientific American reports: "The number of U.S. homes that face repeated flooding has grown significantly in the past decade despite federal and state agencies spending billions of dollars to protect at-risk properties, a new government report shows. The U.S. Government Accountability Office found that government programs that move homes out of floodplains or fortify them through elevation or flood-proofing are not keeping up with the growing number of properties that are flooded multiple times. The number of repeatedly flooded properties rose from 150,000 in 2009 to 214,000 in 2018—a 43% increase, GAO found. The growth is expected to continue as climate change makes major storms more frequent and more intense..."


NOAA's Climate Program Office Launches Climate Risk Areas Initiative. Here's an update from NOAA CPO: "Increased flooding, warming ocean temperatures, fluctuating lake levels, and more frequent heat waves—these are just some of the impacts communities across the country are facing as people from every U.S. region and economic sector turn to NOAA for actionable climate information. Addressing Americans’ most pressing climate challenges requires collaborative approaches involving subject matter experts from different professional domains. That’s why NOAA’s Climate Program Office (CPO) is piloting a strategic effort to enhance its investments and improve our nation’s resilience with user-driven solutions.    Today, CPO publicly announced a new integrative and interdisciplinary initiative that will apply its core capabilities and align investments with partners in a set of four climate-related risk areas that are societally important..."

Graphic credit: "Graphic illustrating the average cost of damages per decade. Average annual damages have more than quadrupled since the 1980s, from about $18 billion per year in the 1980s to about $82 billion per year in the 2010s".


An Italian Glacier is Turning Pink. Probably not good news; CNN Travel reports: "A glacier in Italy is turning pink because of algae -- a development that will make the ice melt faster, a scientist studying the phenomenon says. Pink snow has appeared at the Presena glacier in northern Italy, researcher Biagio Di Mauro, of the Institute of Polar Sciences at Italy's National Research Council, told CNN Monday. While "watermelon snow," as it is sometimes known, is fairly common in the Alps in spring and summer, it has been more marked this year. When Di Mauro went to the glacier on Saturday to investigate, "there was quite an impressive bloom of snow algae," he said. He told CNN he believes an alga named Chlamydomonas nivalis is responsible for the change in color..."

Image credit: CNN.


Heat Waves and Climate Change. SciLine (AAAS) has details and some fairly amazing statistics about the prevalence of heat: "Extreme heat is the deadliest form of extreme weather in the United States, causing more deaths than hurricanes and floods combined; more than twice as many deaths as tornadoes; and more than four times as many as from extreme cold. 1 Heat waves i are occurring three times more often than they did in the 1960s—about six per year compared to two per year. 2 Some recent evidence suggests the increase has been even greater. 3 Record-breaking hot months are occurring five times more often than would be expected without global warming, suggesting that 80 percent of such monthly heat records are due to human-caused climate change..."


"What Choice Do We Have?" Residents of the Arctic are facing unprecedented changes to their way of life as their environment warms faster than any place on Earth. High Country News has an eye-opening report: "...In the last two centuries the climate has been severely altered by human forces. But it has always been changing in some form here, according to the Inupiat. Evidence of past ecosystem shifts is preserved in the great tusks of a mammoth found in the perennially frozen earth and in the oral histories repeated like mantras. The term “climate change” strikes a different tone up here. Life below 0 degrees Fahrenheit has always been challenging, so the Inupiat story is defined by adaptation. When the mammoth became extinct, the Inupiat adapted. When Western influences crept north, the Inupiat replaced their dogsleds with snow machines, their seal oil lamps with electricity..."



Hot June Highlights a Hot 2020. The Copernicus Project has an update for Europe and the rest of the planet; here's an excerpt: "...Temperatures over Europe deviated quite substantially from the 1981-2010 average in June 2020, with a pattern largely opposite to that in May, associated with a change in the prevailing atmospheric circulation. Temperatures were well above average over Scandinavia and much of eastern Europe, under the influence of anticyclonic conditions. Norway had its second warmest June in records dating back to 1900. Sweden recorded one of its highest June temperatures since records began in 1889s, while Helsinki and other locations in Finland recorded their warmest June in records starting in 1961..."

Map credit: "Surface air temperature anomaly for June 2020 relative to the June average for the period 1981-2010. Data source: ERA5." Credit: Copernicus Climate Change Service/ECMWF.